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How to Sharpen Your Kitchen Knives

Sharpening your knives to the right angle can prolong their lifespan and make them more effective. Here's our handy knife sharpening guide to help you care for your kitchen knives.

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Our  ProCook Twin Wheel Knife Sharpener including a diamond and ceramic wheel.

Sharpening your kitchen knives is a necessity. Not only does a good, sharp edge make a kitchen knife safer to use, but it also improves the appearance of your food, streamlines food prep, and prolongs the lifespan of your knives. A dull kitchen knife makes slicing and dicing much harder and it puts your knife at risk of chipping.

There's a right way when it comes to sharpening your kitchen knives, from sharpening your knife to the correct angle to which whetstone grit is best. Whether you are a complete beginner or looking to refine your knife sharpening technique, our guide is here to offer advice on the best way to sharpen kitchen knives.

Why Should I Sharpen my Knife?

There are several reasons why it's important to keep your kitchen knives sharp. Not only does a properly sharpened knife make it easier for you to cut through food, but it also prevents the knife from slipping, making food preparation much safer. After all, a dull knife can encourage you to compensate for the lack of sharpness and add more pressure when cutting, increasing the risk of the knife slipping and causing an injury to yourself or others.

Furthermore, using an appropriately sharpened knife allows you to chop and cut with greater precision, and can enhance the presentation of your food. Certain recipes may demand finer precision, such as finely diced tomatoes for pasta sauces or thinly sliced or diced cloves of garlic for a subtle hint in your meals. Keeping your kitchen knife sharp can also reduce workload, as each action requires less physical effort to achieve the same result.

What Angle Should I Sharpen my Knife at?

The angle at which you sharpen your knife depends on whether your knife has a European or Asian blade, as well as the knife range in question. Each of our knife ranges are stone ground to a specific angle, however, this angle can be changed ever so slightly by the customers to suit how they sharpen their knives. For instance, you may require a sharper 'Asian' angle on a paring knife, so you can easily cut through your vegetables or fruit to create more delicate slices.

Each manufacturer has its own instructions when it comes to knife sharpening. Therefore, we've created a guide advising on the best way to sharpen knives from our kitchen knife ranges.

Designpro

  • A stone ground angle of under 40 degrees
Designpro

Gourmet Classic

  • A stone ground 13 degree angle on each side
Gourmet Classic

Gourmet Kiru

  • A stone ground 13 degree angle on each side
Gourmet Kiru

Professional X50 Chef

  • A stone ground 13 degree angle on each side
Gourmet X50 Chef

Nihon X50

  • A stone ground angle of 15+/-3 degrees on each side
Nihon X50

Professional X50 Micarta

  • A stone ground angle of 13 degrees each side
Professional X50 Micarta

    Elite AUS8

    • A stone ground angle of 15+/- degrees on each side
    Elite AUS8

    Damascus 67

    • A hand ground cutting edge sharpened to approximately a 12 degree blade angle on each side
    Damascus 67

    TIP: If you are unsure of how to use a whetstone or what angle you should sharpen your knives to, all our staff members are professionally trained and can show you the best knife sharpening techniques in our stores.

    You might need these:

    Our beautiful  Damascus 67 Nakiri Knife, ideal for slicing, dicing and chopping hard vegetables.

    Gourmet Kiru Knife Set 4 PieceTypical Price £59Only £39Shop Now
    Nihon X50 Knife Set 3 PieceTypical Price £149Only £79Shop Now
    Elite AUS8 Knife Set 5 PieceTypical Price £329Only £199Shop Now
    Gourmet Classic Knife Set 3 Piece and Magnetic BlockTypical Price £79Only £45Shop Now

    How to Use a Whetstone

    For someone who has never sharpened their kitchen knives before or used a whetstone, you may not be familiar with the proper technique needed. However, with many tutorials out there and after a little practice, you will soon become accustomed to the proper knife sharpening procedure needed when using a whetstone.

    Whetstones (sometimes referred to as sharpening stones) are one of the best ways to sharpen your kitchen knives, so learning the best knife sharpening techniques and how to use a whetstone properly can elongate the life of your kitchen knives, increasing their safety, effectiveness, and allow you to enhance the presentation of your food.

    Different Types of Whetstones

    Whetstones, also known as knife sharpening stones, come in a range of grits, with the number simply referring to the density of the particles and how the whetstone should be used. For repairing knives with chipped edges, a coarse grit whetstone with less than 1000 grit is typically used whereas a whetstone with a grit grade between 1000 to 3000 is best for sharpening dull and well-used knives. Finishing whetstones, or fine grit whetstones, have a grit grade of around 4000 to 8000 and are great for refining your knife's edge and polishing the surface.

    What is a Whetstone?

    A whetstone, also known as water stones and sharpening stones, is a fine-grained stone that's used for sharpening kitchen knives. You may also want to use a sharpening stone to sharpen other steel tools like scissors or chisels.

    Due to the wide range of sharpening stones and water stones available, a combination whetstone with multiple grit levels can often prove to be the most versatile sharpening option to have in your kitchen.

    Sharpening Your Knives with a Whetstone

    While you should always read the individual instructions that come with your whetstone, here is some general guidance on how to use a sharpening stone.

    1. Whetstones should be soaked before use. Do this by submerging your whetstone into lukewarm water for approximately 5 to 10 minutes, or until there are no more air bubbles present.
    2. If you are using our combination whetstone, decide on which grit you wish to use. Remember, lower grit grade is for repairing chipped knives while higher grit is great for general sharpening of dull knives. Once you have decided on your grit grade, secure your whetstone to keep it in place.
    3. Place the knife on the whetstone and at the required angle. If you are unsure about the angle, we have a  knife sharpening guide that is easy to use and helps with accuracy. Glide your knife across the whetstone, from tip to handle, while keeping a steady motion. Once you have sharpened one side of your knife, repeat the process for the opposite side.
    4. Allow the whetstone to dry before storing. To protect your whetstone when not in use, store it in a whetstone holder.

    TIP: Our video below will show you the whetstone method in action.Start playing the video and expand for fullscreen.

    ProCook Whetstone 600 GritTypical Price £21Only £14Shop Now
    ProCook Combination Whetstone 600/2000 GritTypical Price £36Only £24Shop Now

    How to Use a Sharpening or Honing Steel

    Sharpening or honing steel are great for honing your kitchen knives. While a honing steel does not sharpen your knife's edge to the same precision as a whetstone, it can hone (or finish) the cutting edge of a slightly dulled blade.

    1. Hold your honing steel vertically with the tip firmly planted on the counter while holding the top / handle of the steel. Place the heel of the blade against the top of the honing rod with the knife's tip pointing slightly upward. Hold the blade of your knife at the required angle and away from the honing steel. 
    2. Without applying too much pressure, slide the blade down the length of the steel in a sweeping motion, from the heel to the tip. 
    3. Repeat the motion approximately four or five times on each side of the blade to realign the edge.

    TIP: Try listening when using a honing steel. A harsh noise is omitted when you apply too much pressure. Rather, a quiet, ringing sound indicates that you are applying the correct pressure when honing.

    * After sharpening or honing your knife, always clean thoroughly to remove any burr or microscopic particles that may have been picked up on the blade.


    Professional X50 Chef Sharpening Steel
    25cm / 10in
    Typical Price £32Only £19.99Shop Now
    ProCook Diamond Knife Sharpening Rod 30cm / 12inTypical Price £29Only £19Shop Now
    Knife Sharpeners

    Choosing the Right Knife Sharpener for Your Kitchen Knives

    Different manufacturers require certain knife sharpening techniques and levels of care. To help you sharpen our knife ranges, we???ve created this handy table.

    Range Professional X50 Chef Sharpening Steel Professional X50 Chef Diamond Sharpening Steel Single Sided Whetstone 600 Grit Double Sided Whetstone 600/2000 Grit Designpro Knife Sharpener Three Wheel Knife Sharpener Diamond and Ceramic Ceramic Knife Sharpener Twin Wheel Knife Sharpener Diamond and Ceramic Electric Knife Sharpener
    Designpro Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
    Gourmet Classic Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
    Gourmet Kiru Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
    Professional X50 Chef Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
    Professional X50 Micarta Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
    Nihon X50 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
    Elite AUS8 No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No
    Damascus 67 No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No

    *We would always suggest that you use a whetstone when sharpening your knives while using the appropriate sharpening steel to hone the edge of a slightly dulled blade. While our pull through knife sharpeners can help hone and sharpen your knife's edge without the need for a learned technique, a whetstone can give you a sharper and more precise edge.

    Pull Through and Electric Knife Sharpeners

    Whetstones are one of the best ways to sharpen your knives and hone their edges, but due to their simple mechanics, pull through and electric knife sharpeners can also be a fast and simple way to keep your knives at the pinnacle of knife performance if used properly. If you do not feel comfortable trying the manual sharpening technique just yet, then the twin wheel sharpener might be the ideal product for you.

    How to Sharpen Your Knife by Material

    Certain materials may require different care and attention such as how frequently you should sharpen them and which sharpening tool is best. However, you should take note of your knife's Rockwell Hardness Rating (HRC). This value is used to express the resistance of any metal to indentation, making it a useful metric when comparing steel blades, so you can find the right knife for your needs.

    This is because kitchen knives that have a higher Rockwell hardness rating will hold a better edge and for longer. However, a knife with a high Rockwell hardness may also be more difficult to sharpen once it dulls.

    Damascus Steel

    Damascus steel blades hold their edge well because of their high Rockwell hardness rating of HRC 60, which means that you won't need to sharpen your Damascus steel knives as frequently as other knives. There are no special sharpening techniques when it comes to Damascus knives, so simply follow our steps when sharpening with a whetstone.

    Stainless Steel

    Stainless steel come in varying hardness ratings, so make sure you take note. The higher the rating, the more likely your knife will retain its edge and require less frequent sharpening. There is no special sharpening technique when sharpening stainless steel blades, so simply use a honing rod or whetstone.

    Exactly how often you sharpen your knives will naturally depend on their usage. Typically, we would recommend sharpening your kitchen knives every three months. However, honing your knives can be done weekly to re-align the V-shape of the blade and ensure peak performance.

    Each time you sharpen your knife, you are removing burr. While this is a natural side-effect of sharpening your knife, you want to avoid over sharpening as this can greatly reduce the lifespan of your kitchen knives.

    There are several ways to test the sharpness of your knife, helping you determine the level of sharpening that is required.

    My knife won't cut printer paper

    This is a sign that your knife is dull. A dull knife can not only be frustrating but also dangerous. You can also test whether your knife's blade is dull by checking whether it skates over your fingernail, but we suggest that you try to cut a piece of paper instead. 

    My knife will cut printer paper but struggles to cut newspaper

    Your knife is sharp, but it's still on the lower end of the spectrum. It should be sharper for general food prep.

    My knife can cut through newspaper but still with some difficulty

    Your knife is very sharp but still not sharp enough for general food prep.

    My knife cuts through newspaper very smoothly

    This level of sharpness is ideal for general food prep. You will want to retain this level of sharpness as it is not only great for cutting through tougher food, but it can reduce the amount of pressure needed for cutting, slicing and dicing. Less pressure reduces chances of slippage. 

    How Often Should You Sharpen Your Knife? 

    Your knife will naturally dull over time and after every use, but proper care and knife storage is vital when preserving your knife's life span. Knife wall racks, knife blocks, and knife cases are all simple and effective ways to safely store your kitchen knives and reduce the risk of damage.

    We have a guide on taking the best care of your Japanese knives, explaining best practices and how they can increase your knife's longevity. However, general knife care typically involves always washing your kitchen knives by hand (avoid putting them in the dishwasher) and drying them straight after washing to avoid rusting.

    Remember to Properly Care for Your Knives

    Knife Wall RacksKnife BlocksKnife Cases / Knife Roll Sets


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